Cell rejuvenation through telomerase activation
The literal "patent remedy" against aging springs from the current key discipline of anti-aging research: telomere biology. Telomeres are sequences of DNA located at the end of our chromosomes just like the caps on shoelaces, protecting them. However, they shorten with each cell division - DNA is lost. That's what makes our cells age, and us, too. Furthermore, the course of many (old age) diseases is affected by shortened telomeres. The enzyme telomerase is able to delay the natural process of decline by re-lengthening the telomeres. Cells with long telomeres can divide over a longer period. Thus, people with long telomeres age more healthily and live longer - a tremendous increase in the quality of life.